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Amber Inclusion/ Scorpion

Scorpions are insects belonging to the insect Class Arachnida, Phylum Arthropoda, Order Scorpiones. They are a varied group of arachnids that includes sixteen families, 159 genera and 1260 species around the world. They are ancient animals dating back during the Silurian Period (425-450 million years ago) as indicated by fossil records. Their natural habitats range from deserts, forests and are common in arid areas.

They are arthropods possessing four pairs of legs on each side and a stinger at the end of their tails called a telson. Out of thirty species found in Arizona, three species (giant hairy scorpion, small bark scorpion, and stripetailed scorpion) are usually found in a subdivision in the Arizona Upland of the Sonoran desert.

The largest scorpion found in the United States is the giant hairy scorpion which measures up to six inches long. The sting of this scorpion is only mild and will cause localized pain and swelling.

The small bark scorpion measures only two to three inches long but possesses very dangerous venom. This venom could be fatal to young children and the elderly. It can be found several feet above ground because of its ability to climb trees and rock faces. Humans are usually stung when picking up objects and pressing against this scorpion which tends to hang upside down.

Preferring rock bottoms during the day, the stripetailed scorpion is medium-sized yet sturdy. They have weak venom but have larger and more powerful chelae that is used in securing or crushing their victims. Their victims are then positioned so that the head is eaten first.

Thick tailed scorpions called buthids uses a small chelae and a strong venom in instantly stinging their victims. A large chelae is not needed by these scorpions since they do not need to hold onto their victims since their ictims will die instantly.

Scorpions are generally active at night (nocturnal). They go out of their homes at night time and look for preys. They either remain in their retreats and ambush innocent victims that stray near them or will actively hunt their victims.

They use their tarsal sense that detects air movements over their long sensory setae organs (trichobothria) in hunting preys that are within one hundred fifty radius. Upon detection of their prey, they will run out to capture it using their chelae.

Scorpions are able to survive six to twelve months without feeding. They do not normally eat everyday even if it is ideally windless and warm night. They are natural predators to centipedes, insects, millipedes, spiders, snails, small reptiles and mice and even scorpions. However, aside from other scorpions, they are prey to lizards, elf owls, grasshopper, mice, s\desert shrews, and bats. All scorpions can and will sting.

Like humans, scorpions are born alive. The newborn scorpion is underdeveloped and will crawl up their mother's back, using the legs and pincers of their mother, for them to safely ride until they will molt. They are fully developed upon their first exoskeleton molting which will happen after one to three weeks (depends on the species). They will separate and go their own ways after this.

Scorpions have not evolved much since they first appeared 350 to 400 million years ago. They are considered as the planet's first land-based (terrestrial) arthropods.

Scorpions are fluorescent under ultraviolet light. Use a black light in detecting these primitive creatures move, hunt and prey during a warm, dark night.

Other Amber Inclusions:
Amber Inside Amber, Ants, Amber Jewelry, Ant Larvae, Ant Pupa, Assassin Bugs, Bees, Beetles, Bristletails, Bugs, Caterpillars, Centipedes, Crickets, Earwigs, Eggs, Feathers, Fighting-Interacting-Carrying, Flies, Flowers & Buds, Gnats, Grasshoppers, Inchworms, Isopods, Jumping Plant Lice, Large Insects, Larvae, Leafhoppers, Leaves, Mammal Hair, Mating Insects, Microcosm (A Little World), Midges, Millipedes, Mites, Mites on Host, Mosquitos, Moths, Other Insects, Other Inclusions (Non-Insect), Other Botanical, Plant Hoppers, Praying Mantis, Pseudoscorpions, Psocids, Pupa and Larvae, Queen Ants, Rare/Unusual/Odd Inclusions, Roaches, Roots of Botanical, Scorpions, Seeds, Snails, Spiders, Spider Webs, Stalactites, Swarms, Termites, Thrips, Ticks, Twigs, Twisted Winged Parasites, Unusual Botanical, Webspinners (Zorapteran), Wasps, Water Bubbles (Enhydros), Weevils
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